Get an accurate price for your HVAC repair costs by contacting a local heating and cooling company and scheduling an inspection. Search HVAC.com’s Contractor Directory to find local HVAC contractors who perform heating and cooling repairs. Call for service and find the price of the HVAC repair costs needed to get your system back into good working order!
Kabran Air Conditioning & Heating has been providing homeowners throughout Cocoa Beach FL, Satellite Beach FL, Cape Canaveral FL, Rockledge FL, Melbourne FL, Merritt Island FL, Viera FL, Indian Harbour Beach FL with reliable residential heating and air conditioning services since 1984. Whether you need installation, maintenance, or repair, our team of heating and cooling specialists has the experience and knowledge to leave you with optimum comfort every time. We’re dedicated to your satisfaction and the health and safety of your indoor environment. We offer trusted Carrier brand heating and air conditioning products, and an expertise that goes above and beyond for all our HVAC services. Contact our trustworthy team today and get the heating and air conditioning service you deserve!
Free cooling systems can have very high efficiencies, and are sometimes combined with seasonal thermal energy storage so that the cold of winter can be used for summer air conditioning. Common storage mediums are deep aquifers or a natural underground rock mass accessed via a cluster of small-diameter, heat-exchanger-equipped boreholes. Some systems with small storages are hybrids, using free cooling early in the cooling season, and later employing a heat pump to chill the circulation coming from the storage. The heat pump is added-in because the storage acts as a heat sink when the system is in cooling (as opposed to charging) mode, causing the temperature to gradually increase during the cooling season.

Dichlorodifluoromethane (R-12) was the most common blend used in automobiles in the U.S. until 1994, when most designs changed to R-134A due to the ozone-depleting potential of R-12. R-11 and R-12 are no longer manufactured in the U.S. for this type of application, so the only source for air-conditioning repair purposes is the cleaned and purified gas recovered from other air conditioner systems. Several non-ozone-depleting refrigerants have been developed as alternatives, including R-410A. It was first commercially used by Carrier Corp. under the brand name Puron.[citation needed]


Modern refrigerants have been developed to be more environmentally safe than many of the early chlorofluorocarbon-based refrigerants used in the early- and mid-twentieth century. These include HCFCs (R-22, as used in most U.S. homes before 2011) and HFCs (R-134a, used in most cars) have replaced most CFC use. HCFCs, in turn, are supposed to have been in the process of being phased out under the Montreal Protocol and replaced by HFCs such as R-410A, which lack chlorine.[14] HFCs, however, contribute to climate change problems. Moreover, policy and political influence by corporate executives resisted change.[15][16] Corporations insisted that no alternatives to HFCs existed. The environmental organization Greenpeace provided funding to a former East German refrigerator company to research an alternative ozone- and climate-safe refrigerant in 1992. The company developed a hydrocarbon mix of isopentane and isobutane, but as a condition of the contract with Greenpeace could not patent the technology, which led to its widespread adoption by other firms.[17][18][19] Their activist marketing first in Germany led to companies like Whirlpool, Bosch, and later LG and others to incorporate the technology throughout Europe, then Asia, although the corporate executives resisted in Latin America, so that it arrived in Argentina produced by a domestic firm in 2003, and then finally with giant Bosch's production in Brazil by 2004.[20][21]

Though Harrison had commercial success establishing a second ice company back in Sydney in 1860, he later entered the debate over how to compete against the American advantage of ice-refrigerated beef sales to the United Kingdom. He wrote: "Fresh meat frozen and packed as if for a voyage, so that the refrigerating process may be continued for any required period", and in 1873 prepared the sailing ship Norfolk for an experimental beef shipment to the United Kingdom. His choice of a cold room system instead of installing a refrigeration system upon the ship itself proved disastrous when the ice was consumed faster than expected.[citation needed]
The 2nd-century Chinese mechanical engineer and inventor Ding Huan of the Han Dynasty invented a rotary fan for air conditioning, with seven wheels 3 m (10 ft) in diameter and manually powered by prisoners of the time.[6] In 747, Emperor Xuanzong (r. 712–762) of the Tang Dynasty (618–907) had the Cool Hall (Liang Dian 涼殿) built in the imperial palace, which the Tang Yulin describes as having water-powered fan wheels for air conditioning as well as rising jet streams of water from fountains. During the subsequent Song Dynasty (960–1279), written sources mentioned the air conditioning rotary fan as even more widely used.[7]

I was disappointed with the pressure of a tub and shower that were plumbed with 1/2 supply lines (2nd floor). Could be low pressure from the street, but I want to replace with 5/8. Plus, I'd like to have 2 back to back showers, one inside and one outside. So, I had intended to bring a 1 supply to both, then branch up to valves and shower head with 5/8. Finally, I thought pressure from the street was typically 55 to 70 psi and I am concerned if pvc can take that.Any thoughts?


The blower assembly is located between your main furnace and the cold air return. The blower is responsible for pulling air from your home and then sending it through the furnace and the heat exchanger. The air gets circulated throughout the home via the duct work. The furnace’s air filter is contained within the blower compartment. Regular-style filters should be replaced or cleaned each month.

The heat pump gained popularity in the 1950s in Japan and the United States.[13] Heat pumps can extract heat from various sources, such as environmental air, exhaust air from a building, or from the ground. Initially, heat pump HVAC systems were only used in moderate climates, but with improvements in low temperature operation and reduced loads due to more efficient homes, they are increasing in popularity in cooler climates.
We never appreciate the importance of our home’s cooling system until it starts to break down. A failing air conditioning system in need of residential AC repair has an adverse effect on our comfort, our health, and even our monthly expenses. While it might be nice to put off any AC system repairs until a later date, the longer you wait, the more likely you’ll have to pay some hefty home AC repair bills. Fortunately, with Gainesville Mechanical, Inc., we make air conditioning system repair as easy as possible. Our team of experienced technicians are trained in the latest industry advancements, and are well versed in all types of AC repair near Gainesville, GA. From commercial air conditioning repair to residential air conditioning repair, we can dispatch a service truck at a moment’s notice to take care of your emergency air conditioning repair needs. All the while performing our AC repair services in a manner of utmost courtesy and professionalism.

If a heat exchanger cracks or contains holes, leaks can release carbon monoxide into your home. Carbon monoxide is nearly impossible for humans to detect on their own due to its characteristics of being colorless and odorless. Because of this, it is referred to as “The Silent Killer”. Some symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, dizziness, fatigue, nausea and vomiting. It is extremely important to have a HVAC technician perform a furnace inspection annually to prevent problems such as carbon monoxide poisoning. UGI Heating, Cooling & Plumbing offers yearly maintenance packages and service agreements that include yearly maintenance and furnace inspections.


The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) requires that all technicians who open a system containing a controlled refrigerant be certified to do so. There are four levels of certification, one of which is a “universal” certification to allow the HVAC technician to work on any type of equipment containing refrigerant. Your HVAC technician should be certified as “Level II Certified” at a minimum or, preferably, “Universal Certification” to work on your central air conditioner. Obtaining this certification information from your professional HVAC technician may be required in the event you are working with a realtor to sell your home. Costs for certification average $40 to $240.
Absorption refrigerator Air barrier Air conditioning Antifreeze Automobile air conditioning Autonomous building Building insulation materials Central heating Central solar heating Chilled beam Chilled water Constant air volume (CAV) Coolant Dedicated outdoor air system (DOAS) Deep water source cooling Demand-controlled ventilation (DCV) Displacement ventilation District cooling District heating Electric heating Energy recovery ventilation (ERV) Firestop Forced-air Forced-air gas Free cooling Heat recovery ventilation (HRV) Hybrid heat Hydronics HVAC Ice storage air conditioning Kitchen ventilation Mixed-mode ventilation Microgeneration Natural ventilation Passive cooling Passive house Radiant heating and cooling system Radiant cooling Radiant heating Radon mitigation Refrigeration Renewable heat Room air distribution Solar air heat Solar combisystem Solar cooling Solar heating Thermal insulation Underfloor air distribution Underfloor heating Vapor barrier Vapor-compression refrigeration (VCRS) Variable air volume (VAV) Variable refrigerant flow (VRF) Ventilation
The compressor-based refrigerant systems are air-cooled, meaning they use air to exchange heat, in the same way as a car radiator or typical household air conditioner does. Such a system dehumidifies the air as it cools it. It collects water condensed from the cooled air and produces hot air which must be vented outside the cooled area; doing so transfers heat from the air in the cooled area to the outside air.
We are so happy with the service and the unit installed. Carlos, the sales representative, was very attentive to our needs at the time. He knew exactly what we needed for our a/c concerns. Brandon Hayword, the a/c installer was amazing. I have never seen a technician so meticulous. Every detail was attended to. Poor guy worked from morning till 4:00 Am the next day. Never heard a complaint or wanted to go home and call it a night. Again, thank-you for the great service.
At HI-VAC Air Conditioning Service, we realize that it can be difficult to find an air conditioning company that you can trust. While many companies can handle AC repair, we strive to go above and beyond the basics. We are honest, reliable and guarantee professional 24/7 service from South Florida’s #1 Choice for air conditioning installation, service, maintenance and repair since 1970. When you choose HI-VAC Air Conditioning Service for your air conditioning and ventilation needs you’ll have our 100-percent satisfaction guarantee and first-rate service:
An annual inspection of your unit can ensure that the various potential problems mentioned above are detected early, and before they require complete replacement. During this inspection, for instance, a professional might find small cracks in your heat exchanger or a faulty seal in your blower motor. Some manufacturer's warranties even require these annual inspections to maintain validity. Typically, your furnace inspection will cost between $80 and $150 depending on the area in which you live and the professional you work with.
Recent Review: Frymire did a complete A/C and Furnace install on my property in May 2013.  I had 5 companies bid the job and what sold me on them was their honesty and responsiveness, as well as a fair price.  They were not the lowest, but were willing to negotiate on some unknown repair issues with my duct work, etc.  The team was punctual and very professional, taking extra pains to wear protective footwear on my hardwood floors.  The foreman on the job kept me up to speed about the install throughout the day.   They started at 9 a.m. and were finished and out by 6pm.  I recently had them return for the yearly check-up on my A/C.  The tech was efficient and very professional.  I would highly recommend their service. 
You can usually slip the belt on the motor’s (smaller) pulley first and then start it on the blower pulley. Rotate the blower pulley by hand, holding the belt in place but keeping your fingers from getting caught between the belt and the pulley. The belt should slip right into place. If it seems to be too tight or difficult to set in place, it may be necessary to adjust the motor mount to provide more slack.

We happily offer all of our services in St Marys county. We view our neighbors in St. Mary’s county as important and valuable as our friends in Calvert. If you live in St Marys and you’re not sure if we can help you with your specific problem, please don’t hesitate to contact us and find out! We value all inquiries and our eager to help and assist our neighbors throughout all of Southern Maryland.
Recent Review: The service call went well. Fixed a simple problem with my furnace and then during the A/C check up, they found that the smaller compressor needed replacement. It's two years old so thought it was under warranty and determined that it was, so they took care of that for me. Each time I've used these guys, I've been pleased with their service, professionalism and punctuality. Plus the call I get from the office saying the service person is on the way to my home. That way I don't have to take half a day off work to meet the service person.
Handling the service needs of homeowners throughout Orlando, FL, Volusia, FL since 1910, we’ve built our business on a foundation of well-earned trust.  We uphold an A+ rating from the Better Business Bureau.  As a Carrier Factory Authorized Dealer, Ferran Services has been further distinguished with the Carrier President’s Award.  Trust that your best interest is our priority.  At Ferran Services, it’s not about the sale.  It’s all about your long-term satisfaction.
In addition, if water is condensed in the room, the amount of heat previously needed to evaporate that water also is re-released in the room (the latent heat of vaporization). The dehumidification process is the inverse of adding water to the room with an evaporative cooler, and instead releases heat. Therefore, an in-room dehumidifier always will warm the room and reduce the relative humidity indirectly, as well as reducing the humidity directly by condensing and removing water.

To be honest, an HVAC technician’s work goes beyond more than installation, maintenance and repair. Most people are increasingly spending more time inside the home, so indoor air quality, home energy savings and total comfort have become even more important. There are several choices and solutions when it comes to HVAC systems, and our experts will consult with you every step of the way and work with you to achieve your goals.

An improperly maintained heating and air conditioning is an inefficient heating and air conditioning system. That’s why we provide appointments for annual inspections with our licensed technicians. It’s our goal to make sure that your home is as comfortable and energy-efficient as possible. For inspections, repairs, and service, contact BGE HOME for quality service.
Trying to replace an HVAC unit when out of town isn't easy, but Gator Air made it seamless. I was able to quickly schedule the estimator to come to my property and I was emailed several options. I was never pushed to make a decision or "sold" unwanted options. The installers were punctual and professional. Outstanding follow up too. I highly recommend!
If your furnace is more than 15 years old or broken beyond repair, furnace replacement is necessary. Old furnaces are very inefficient which means that you could be spending more on your gas or electric bill than you need to. Old furnaces can also be very hazardous to your health and home. Furnaces are basically controlled fires, and when the control systems on your furnace are out of date or malfunctioning, the safety of your home is in jeopardy. If you have an old or malfunctioning furnace, or if you want a safety check on your current system, then give our furnace replacement company a call today!
Gator Air Conditioning is a Florida heating, cooling, air conditioning, air conditioner, heat pump, and furnace repair, service, replacement and maintenance Company located in Manatee County. Gator employs only the best technicians for air conditioner repairs and, furnace repairs, ductless mini-split systems repairs, air conditioner replacements, furnace replacements and heater replacements in Bradenton FL, Brandon FL, Sarasota FL, Lakewood Ranch FL, Longboat Key FL, Palmetto FL, Anna Maria FL, Terra Ceia FL, Parrish FL, Apollo Beach FL, Cortez FL, Ellenton FL, Myakka City FL, Ruskin FL, Sun City FL, Sun City Center FL, Lutz FL, Holmes Beach FL, University Park FL, Wimauma FL, Valrico FL, and Whitfield Fl. To set-up a repair service estimate or replacement estimate, call 941-749-6000. So when you ask to find "A good heating and air conditioning repair or service company near me," you've come to the right place. Gator Air Conditioning services all furnace, AC, filter and thermostat brands including Carrier, Bryant, Payne, Trane, Lennox, Rheem, Ruud, Amana, Frigidaire, Gibson, Goodman, Maytag, American Standard, Aprilaire, Honeywell, White Rodgers, Dynamic, Daikin, Mitsubishi, Fujitsu and Skuttle.
Your HVAC professional can perform a yearly tune-up of your system for around $80-$100. This yearly maintenance can go far toward heading off major repairs to your system and provide you with peace of mind and considerable savings in the long term. Additionally, regular servicing of your AC unit can help a home inspector to certify that your unit is working properly in the event you decide to sell your home.
Engineers have pointed out some areas where efficiency of the existing hardware could be improved. For example, the fan blades used to move the air are usually stamped from sheet metal, an economical method of manufacture, but as a result they are not aerodynamically efficient. A well-designed blade could reduce electrical power required to move the air by a third.[29]

I was disappointed with the pressure of a tub and shower that were plumbed with 1/2 supply lines (2nd floor). Could be low pressure from the street, but I want to replace with 5/8. Plus, I'd like to have 2 back to back showers, one inside and one outside. So, I had intended to bring a 1 supply to both, then branch up to valves and shower head with 5/8. Finally, I thought pressure from the street was typically 55 to 70 psi and I am concerned if pvc can take that.Any thoughts?
I was disappointed with the pressure of a tub and shower that were plumbed with 1/2 supply lines (2nd floor). Could be low pressure from the street, but I want to replace with 5/8. Plus, I'd like to have 2 back to back showers, one inside and one outside. So, I had intended to bring a 1 supply to both, then branch up to valves and shower head with 5/8. Finally, I thought pressure from the street was typically 55 to 70 psi and I am concerned if pvc can take that.Any thoughts?
Gainesville Mechanical Inc is open for regular business hours, Monday through Friday, from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. We offer everyday extended business hours, at regular rates, to meet the challenge of your busy schedule with flexible appointment times, and always have a licensed technician at your door within 24 hours.  For desperate times, we protect your home, comfort, and safety with 24/7 Emergency Assistance without added after-hour costs.  Contact us at 770-532-9130, and rest assured, we prioritize your best interests.  Our skilled service never comes with inflated or hidden charges.  We provide affordable rates, upfront pricing, and the detailed information you need to make the best possible decisions.  We service all makes and models of cooling equipment, optimizing safety, efficiency, and reliability, to deliver superior, ongoing performance.  Trust our award-winning team of NATE-certified technicians to restore your comfort today, with repairs that ensure long-term satisfaction.
Our air conditioner repair trucks are fully stocked with air conditioning repair parts and our highly trained air conditioning technicians and installation teams can repair or install a central air conditioning system right the first time. No job is too big or small; whether you need air conditioner repair work for a single unit or multiple units; you’ll get speedy, high-quality service that you can depend on. Our reliable service is the main reason so many consider us to be the best AC repair company in Houston TX! Call us now at 713-766-3605713-766-3605 to schedule an appointment.
6) Check your ductwork and seal open spaces. Make sure all your doors and windows are properly sealed to help keep your home cool. Perform a visual inspection of your ductwork occasionally to be sure it is sealed correctly. If the ductwork is not properly sealed, cool air will escape before getting into your home. The less cool air that escapes your home, the less your unit will have to work.
Our fully trained and certified heating technicians have been repairing installing furnaces, heating systems and heat pumps in Smyrna and the Atlanta area since 1966.  We offer 24 hour emergency service for unexpected heating system break downs.  We can provide expert maintenance and repair on your current heating system or help you select a new, high-efficiency heating system from our wide range of furnaces.
If you hear clicking that is followed by a hum or buzz, you’re probably hearing the fan motor attempting to start without the boost it needs from the capacitor. You can almost always conclude that the capacitor has failed. Sometimes you can get the compressor fan spinning (clockwise) by pushing it with a thin stick or long screwdriver poked through the grille. But the chances are good that this might work for one cycle, but the capacitor will fail next time the AC goes on. It’s best to replace the capacitor.
If you need fast and reliable furnace repairs in Denver, then contact Brothers Plumbing, Heating and Electric. If your house feels colder than you think it should, it could be because your heating system is malfunctioning. When you give us a call, a Denver furnace repair expert will be able to help right away and give you a complete diagnosis of any problems. We will always attempt to fix your furnace before considering a replacement. If your furnace cannot be repaired, though our Denver furnace replacement experts are happy to discuss your options with you including modern energy efficient models.
We are committed to providing high quality same-day furnace repair in Denver and strive for 100% customer satisfaction, 7 days a week. All our specialists are drug tested and background checked and our techs use shoe covers and floor mats to keep all homes the same way they found them. You won’t find an equal level of commitment from anyone else compared to our Denver furnace repair specialists.
If a heat exchanger cracks or contains holes, leaks can release carbon monoxide into your home. Carbon monoxide is nearly impossible for humans to detect on their own due to its characteristics of being colorless and odorless. Because of this, it is referred to as “The Silent Killer”. Some symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, dizziness, fatigue, nausea and vomiting. It is extremely important to have a HVAC technician perform a furnace inspection annually to prevent problems such as carbon monoxide poisoning. UGI Heating, Cooling & Plumbing offers yearly maintenance packages and service agreements that include yearly maintenance and furnace inspections.
The manufacture and use of CFCs has been banned or severely restricted due to concerns about ozone depletion (see also Montreal Protocol).[64][65] In light of these environmental concerns, beginning on November 14, 1994, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has restricted the sale, possession and use of refrigerant to only licensed technicians, per rules under sections 608 and 609 of the Clean Air Act.[66]
At Horizon Services, we strive to provide all of our customers with the peace of mind that comes from knowing that you have a skilled team on-call for any AC emergencies that may arise. We have more than 300 fully stocked trucks ready to go at a moment's notice. Our Horizon technicians undergo rigorous training, including a mandatory 150 hours of training every year, to ensure that they're always up to date on the latest techniques and HVAC technology. Plus, we perform extensive background checks, including drug and criminal checks, on all of our employees so you don't have to worry about letting a stranger into your home when your AC breaks down in the middle of the night. When you're dealing with an air conditioning emergency, trust the experts at Horizon Services!
Gator Air Conditioning is a Florida heating, cooling, air conditioning, air conditioner, heat pump, and furnace repair, service, replacement and maintenance Company located in Manatee County. Gator employs only the best technicians for air conditioner repairs and, furnace repairs, ductless mini-split systems repairs, air conditioner replacements, furnace replacements and heater replacements in Bradenton FL, Brandon FL, Sarasota FL, Lakewood Ranch FL, Longboat Key FL, Palmetto FL, Anna Maria FL, Terra Ceia FL, Parrish FL, Apollo Beach FL, Cortez FL, Ellenton FL, Myakka City FL, Ruskin FL, Sun City FL, Sun City Center FL, Lutz FL, Holmes Beach FL, University Park FL, Wimauma FL, Valrico FL, and Whitfield Fl. To set-up a repair service estimate or replacement estimate, call 941-749-6000. So when you ask to find "A good heating and air conditioning repair or service company near me," you've come to the right place. Gator Air Conditioning services all furnace, AC, filter and thermostat brands including Carrier, Bryant, Payne, Trane, Lennox, Rheem, Ruud, Amana, Frigidaire, Gibson, Goodman, Maytag, American Standard, Aprilaire, Honeywell, White Rodgers, Dynamic, Daikin, Mitsubishi, Fujitsu and Skuttle.
Central home air conditioner service systems consist of two major components: a condensing unit that sits outside your house, and the evaporator coil (often referred to as an A-coil) that sits in the plenum of your furnace or air handler. The refrigerant in the A-coil picks up the heat from your home and moves it to the outdoor condensing unit. The condensing unit fan blows outside air through the condensing coil to remove the heat. The condensing unit houses the three parts replaceable by a DIYer: the contactor, the start/run capacitor(s) and the condenser fan motor. The condensing unit also houses the compressor, but only a pro can replace that. The A-coil has no parts that can be serviced by a DIYer.
At HI-VAC Air Conditioning Service, we realize that it can be difficult to find an air conditioning company that you can trust. While many companies can handle AC repair, we strive to go above and beyond the basics. We are honest, reliable and guarantee professional 24/7 service from South Florida’s #1 Choice for air conditioning installation, service, maintenance and repair since 1970. When you choose HI-VAC Air Conditioning Service for your air conditioning and ventilation needs you’ll have our 100-percent satisfaction guarantee and first-rate service:
Many things can go wrong with your furnace, all of which should be repaired and examined by experienced professionals. Trust Randazzo Heating, Cooling, and Fireplaces to repair and help you maintain your furnace*. We value our customers and their decisions, so we will always be honest and explain the best possible solution for you. Contact us today so we can help you out! Click Here for our warranty policy.

There was an unidentified beeping sound which I thought was coming from my indoor HVAC unit. The technician patiently spoke to me over the phone and we discovered that it was not the HVAC that was making the noise. The technician was extraordinarily helpful and polite as we spoke and he saved me a few hundred dollars since he helped me over the phone and didn't have to make an emergency visit. HVAC Unlimited is our "go to" company for all our heating and cooling needs!
Smyrna homes and businesses have relied on Coolray for air conditioning service and installation since 1966. We can provide repair and maintenance on all makes and models of air conditioners for your home or business and offer 24 hour emergency AC repair service. We also offer a wide range of new air conditioning systems and our expert air conditioning technicians can help you select an air conditioner or heat pump that is right for your home and budget.
When the time comes to schedule furnace repairs, you want a team you can trust. Keeping your home warm and comfortable is important for you and your family, which is why you should rely on the highly-trained team of technicians at Horizon Services. Our techs undergo at least 150 hours of technical training every year and are up-to-date on the latest, most advanced techniques in the trade. We also background-check all of our employees to ensure your complete comfort and safety. When you call on us for furnace repair, we will arrive on-time and on schedule, ready to resolve the issue as quickly as possible.
The liquid refrigerant is returned to another heat exchanger where it is allowed to evaporate, hence the heat exchanger is often called an evaporating coil or evaporator. As the liquid refrigerant evaporates it absorbs energy (heat) from the inside air, returns to the compressor, and repeats the cycle. In the process, heat is absorbed from indoors and transferred outdoors, resulting in cooling of the building.
Ground source, or geothermal, heat pumps are similar to ordinary heat pumps, but instead of transferring heat to or from outside air, they rely on the stable, even temperature of the earth to provide heating and air conditioning. Many regions experience seasonal temperature extremes, which would require large-capacity heating and cooling equipment to heat or cool buildings. For example, a conventional heat pump system used to heat a building in Montana's −70 °F (−57 °C) low temperature or cool a building in the highest temperature ever recorded in the US—134 °F (57 °C) in Death Valley, California, in 1913 would require a large amount of energy due to the extreme difference between inside and outside air temperatures. A few feet below the earth's surface, however, the ground remains at a relatively constant temperature. Utilizing this large source of relatively moderate temperature earth, a heating or cooling system's capacity can often be significantly reduced. Although ground temperatures vary according to latitude, at 6 feet (1.8 m) underground, temperatures generally only range from 45 to 75 °F (7 to 24 °C).
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